Systemactic Withdrawal Plan

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): A Unique Approach

Systematic Withdrawal Plan provides space for planning for a secure and fulfiling retirement involves careful financial preparation, much like building a strong foundation for your future happiness and peace of mind.  

One effective strategy in this journey is the Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP), which ensures a steady income throughout retirement, allowing you to enjoy your later years with confidence and financial security. 

What is Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)? 

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) is a smart plan that allows you to withdraw fixed amounts of money at periodic and regular intervals from your mutual funds. Just like a SIP, i.e. a Systematic Investment Plan allows you to invest systematically at regular intervals for a large corpus, an SWP allows withdrawal in parts.  

Why is it so Popular? 

The most convenient part of an SWP is that the investors can decide the amount to withdraw as per their requirement while continuing to invest in the chosen scheme. SWP can be especially beneficial to those looking to create an extra income source apart from the regular income. Though SWP’s usually allow regular cash flow, the specific scheme’s dividends and profits may not be guaranteed every month. 

Advantages of SWP 

The topmost advantages of a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) are: 

1. Establishing a Steady Secondary Income Stream

SWP is allowed to have a regular and reliable income in the form of receiving a regular dividend payment which makes it functional for the elderly or those who would want an additional source of income. 

2. Flexibility and Predictability

SWP lets the investor decide on the withdrawal amount and its regularity, which would give stable and certain income while having the options for readjustment. 

3.Tax Efficiency

Therefore, clients using SWP may benefit from spreading such Withdrawals across different financial years so as to help reduce tax consequences. 

4. Risk Mitigation

Unlike the market timing approach which means that you have to choose when to invest, dollar cost averaging means that you invest a fixed amount periodically, therefore eliminating the risks that come with market fluctuations. 

5. Capital Preservation

First of all, SWP enables the lifestyle to be funded systematically without cashing out the investment fully leaving a good portion of your capital accessible for earning your long-term compound interests. 
These benefits make the system of systematic withdrawal plan or SWP a useful gadget for the investor looking for a mechanical way of earning a fixed amount from their investments. 

How does SWP work ? 

Selection of Mutual Fund 

A mutual fund and the amount invested in it must be selected by the investor. 

Withdrawal Perimeters 

They must indicate the quantity and frequency of withdrawals in accordance with their needs. 


To satisfy the withdrawal request, the mutual fund will sell scheme units and credit the proceeds to the investor’s bank account. 


  • The scheme’s NAV (Net Asset Value) on the day of withdrawal determines how many units are redeemed. 
  • There may be exit loads, taxes, and other fees associated with an SWP, depending on the mutual fund and plan selected. 

Example of SWP in Action 

Imagine investing Rs. 5 lakhs in an SWP instead of a savings account. By withdrawing Rs. 10,000 monthly, strategically utilizing the benefits of compounding, the investment can grow even as withdrawals are made, as illustrated below: 

Month Cashflows NAV Fund Units Value 
Jan 5,00,000 100 5,000 5,00,000 
Feb -10,000 103 4,903 5,05,000 
Mar -10,000 102 4,805 4,90,097 
Apr -10,000 105 4,710 4,94,511 
May -10,000 108 4,617 4,98,641 
June -10,000 106 4,523 4,79,407 
As you can see that despite withdrawing Rs. 50,000 over 5 months, the effective portfolio has increased to Rs. 4,79,407 due to market dynamics, showcasing the potential benefits of SWP. 

Calculation Details


Cashflows: ₹5,00,000 
NAV: ₹100 
Fund Units: That is with every Re 1/- spent on the advertisement only 100 units can be produced. 
Value: ₹5,00,000 for a purchase of 5,000 units * ₹100  


Withdrawal: -₹10,000 
NAV: ₹103 
Fund Units after withdrawal: 5,000 minus 6.12 equals 4,903 units when 10,000 is divided to 103 equals 0.12. 
Value: Chairman and Board of Directors of the company stated that by investing ₹ 4,903 units * ₹ 103 = ₹ 5,05,000


Withdrawal: -₹10,000 
NAV: ₹102 
Fund Units after withdrawal: 4903 – (10000 / 102) = 4801Considering the adjustment for spoilage resulting from inadequate preservation, 4903 units before distribution will reduce to 4801 units as it cost ₹10,000 to preserve the produce out of the total consideration of ₹102 per unit. 
Value: How many rupees would the manufacturing cost, if the company produces 4801 units at the rate of ₹ 102 per unit? 4801 units * ₹ 102 = ₹ 490202 


Withdrawal: -₹10,000 
NAV: ₹105 
Fund Units after withdrawal: 4,801 – 45 = 4,756 units, whereas FCA insignificant to the overall outcome, the people involved in the manufacturing process reveals a slight variation as analyzed below. 
Value: 1962 days * Consumer Price Index (1970=100) 105 = 4,667 * 105 = 490935


Withdrawal: -₹10,000 
NAV: ₹108 
Fund Units after withdrawal: It will be 4,367 (The value of 4,667*₹108 is ₹10,000) – 4,568 units 
Value: 4,568 units * 108 = 492,544 Price level. 


Withdrawal: -₹10,000 
NAV: ₹106 
Fund Units after withdrawal: 4,568- [4.31 x (7.06 – 5)] = 4562 units 
Value: 4,462 units * ₹106 = ₹4,73,972 

In five months, when you withdraw a total of Rs 50,000, your effective portfolio would value at Rs 4,50,000. However, the total value is now Rs 4,79,407; effectively proving to be a better earning instrument due to the market dynamics 

Challenges and Risks with SWP

Here are 5 key challenges and risks to consider with systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs):Here are 5 key challenges and risks to consider with systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs): 

1. Sequence of returns risk 

If investment returns occur at a higher rate, it will extend the lifespan of a portfolio using an SWP, whereas if the returns occur in the reverse order, it will reduce the portfolio’s lifespan. Early retirement years could mean lower returns can wipe out the portfolio quickly than when they come during the retirement periods. 

2. Inflation risk  

However, if the withdrawal amount cannot rise in parallel with the increasing inflation rate, the purchasing power of withdrawals decreases from the portfolio which harms the real value. 

3. Market risk 

SWPs destabilize the overall flows in the portfolio as people withdraw their money at tendered points in time. This makes it possible to lock in losses especially if the withdrawal is done at the right time when the market is down. 

4. Timing risk 

Withdrawals have to be timely managed most especially when they are taken during the low periods, which only translate to a locking of a loss into the portfolio hence meaning low chances of future growth of the portfolio. 

5. Tax implications 

There can also be early encashment penalties in an SWP and if the withdrawal is considered as selling of a particular stock then capital gains taxes may be assumed converting net returns into raw burns over time. The resulting taxation policy may also change with the status of the investment account and the duration that it has been held for. 
Consequently, the major concerns when using or considering SWP are sequence of returns, inflation, bearing of high risk in market fluctuation, improper withdrawal timing, and unfavorable tax treatment. To address and avoid such risks as well as the possible decline in the value of instruments in the portfolio, it is necessary to carry out constant planning and monitoring. 


  • Firstly, it will help you only when the investment starts with a huge amount. 
  • Secondly, the more you withdraw funds, the more will be the reduction in your fund points.  
  • Thirdly, a low market will directly affect your mutual fund investment. 
  • Lastly, the delivering momentum of SWP will be good as long as fund flow is high in a bull market. 

Choice of Withdrawal Options and Tax-Benefit

 SWP also offers options on the frequency of withdrawal in instances where an investor may wish to withdraw funds annual, monthly, quarterly, bi-annually or even periodically basing on fixed or appreciation withdrawal plans. This is good because it enables you to withdraw money based on the circumstances which applies with the financial and economical conditions out there. 
Chemicals play a vital role in various industries and hence Swp is not only a good investment but a very secure and stable one as well. 
There are two key reasons: 
1. No TDS Deduction: Withdrawals under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act are not taxable under tax deducted at source (TDS), both offering options in taxes. 
2. Taxation on Capital Gains: Withdrawals are made on the basis of capital gains and are one of the more tax serene investments depending on the held period and tax regime. 

SWP has uniqueness and flexibility that can be of tremendous potential to whom and when? 

It is also not restricted only for the individuals who are in their retirement age because everyone whether in the middle of preparing for a financial plan or in the process of considering having a regular source of income can greatly benefit from SWP. This is especially beneficial for those who planning to generate regular income from the investment, especially retirees and those who are in their sixties contemplating taking systematic withdrawals while also in hope of earning some capital gains as well. 

What are SWP Interest Rates? 

SWP is a method of systematic withdrawal from your mutual fund investments. It does not offer a fixed interest rate, like other traditional forms of investments like FDs. The growth depends on the performance of the underlying investments of the selected fund. 


In conclusion, one can assert that SWP gives a clear pattern for the stock, strain fund, making it possible to change quantity and withdraw the money whenever possible, as well as having some definite tax preferences. Moreover, despite the fact that SWP can be an effective way of planning and executing investment at a systematic level as far as it can regard the process of systematic investment, there are common factors that must be taken into consideration while using this approach for achieving definite financial objectives. 


Is SWP a good option? 

One excellent method of establishing a consistent secondary income stream is by investing in mutual funds and selecting the SWP option. Additionally, it gives you the freedom to choose the withdrawal amount based on your own financial requirements. 

Is SWP good for retirees? 

Yes, SWP can be very useful for retirees who are looking for a regular source of income apart from any other stream of income coming through savings. 

Is SWP better than FD?

FD interest is fully taxed, unless it’s a long-term FD that offers tax savings. Capital gains are the subject of taxation in the case of SWP, which can be either short-term or long-term. Additionally, if the SWP is invested in an equity fund, it may yield higher returns based on variables like market volatility and portfolio composition. 

Is the amount redeemed through SWP available instantly for use? 

Yes, the amount redeemed through SWP will take the same time as a normal mutual fund redemption. 

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